Prague has an excellent integrated public-transport system (www.dpp.cz) of metro, trams, buses and night trams, but when you're moving around the compact Old Town or the castle area, it will be more convenient – and scenic – to use your feet. Times between tram stops are posted at each stop and on www.dpp.cz.
Tickets are interchangeable on all metros, trams and buses. Buy tickets at metro stations or nearby news-stands – but never from the driver. If you're staying longer than a few hours, it's easier to buy a one-day or three-day pass.
Basic ticket Valid for 90 minutes; adult/concession 32/16Kč
Short-term ticket Valid for 30 minutes; adult/concession 24/12Kč
One-day ticket Valid for 24 hours; adult/concession 110/55Kč
Three-day ticket Valid for 72 hours; 310Kč for all ages
Best for… Quick transportation between major sights, connecting to the train station and venturing outside the tourist areas.
The metro operates from 5am to midnight.
There are three lines: Line A (green) runs from Nemocnice Motol in the west to Depo Hostivař in the east; Line B (yellow) runs from Zličín in the southwest to Ćerný Most in the northeast; and Line C (red) runs from Háje in the southeast to Letňany in the north.
Services are fast and frequent. The nearest metro station is noted after the m in listings.
You must buy a ticket (jízdenka) before boarding, and then validate it by punching it in the little yeAYou must buy a ticket (jízdenka) before boarding, and then validate it by punching it in the little yellow machine in the metro-station lobby or on the bus or tram when you begin your journey. Checks by inspectors are frequent.
You'll need coins for ticket machines at metro stations and major tram stops. You can also buy tickets at news-stands, some hotels, tourist-information offices and metro-station ticket offices. Some machines can now handle contactless cards, but your foreign bank will charge you a hefty fee for the pleasure of paying this way.
Scenic rides, connecting to attractions far off the metro lines, and for travellers who can't easily walk from point A to B. Most visitors won't have any reason to get on a bus, but a tram ride is a classic Prague experience.
Important tram lines to remember are 22 (runs to Prague Castle, Malá Strana and Charles Bridge), 17 and 18 (run to the Jewish Quarter and Old Town Sq) and 11 (runs to Žižkov and Vinohrady).
Regular tram and bus services operate from 5am to midnight (see www.dpp.cz for maps and timetables). After this, night trams (91 to 99) and buses (901 to 915) take over.
All night trams intersect at Lazarská in Nové Město.
Be aware that few tram or bus stops sell tickets. So if you're using single tickets, buy several in the metro station or at newspaper stands, then save a couple of unstamped ones for later and validate them upon boarding.
Bus services in Prague are provided by a number of transport operators, the chief of which is Dopravní podnik hlavního města Prahy, a.s. (the Prague Capital City Transport Company). Almost all city and suburban buses (as well as the city's metro and tramway lines, the Vltava ferries, and a funicular railway) are run as part of the Pražská integrovaná doprava (PID – Prague Integrated Transport) network, under the management of the regional organizing agency ROPID.
There are many transport hubs in Prague. In general, the city transport system is very well developed and you can get where you want without problems.
Praha hlavní nádraží (IATA: XYG) is the largest railway station in Prague, Czech Republic. It opened in 1871 as Franz Josef Station, after Franz Joseph I of Austria. During the First Republic and from 1945 to 1948 the station was called Wilson Station (Czech: Wilsonovo nádraží), after former President of the United States Woodrow Wilson.
Nádraží Veleslavín is a station on Line A of the Prague Metro. In early March 2015 it was put into trial operation and opened on 6 April 2015,together with Bořislavka, Petřiny and Nemocnice Motol stations. The station is adjacent to the Praha-Veleslavín railway station and a bus terminal which became the new end of the 119 bus line from Václav Havel Airport and regional buses towards Kladno. The station is 20m below ground level.
The station was formerly known as Sokolovská. The Line C station was opened on 5 September 1974 as the southern terminus of the inaugural section of Prague Metro, between Sokolovská and Kačerov. On 3 November 1984, the line was extended to Fučíkova (later renamed Nádraží Holešovice). On 2 November 1985, the inaugural section of Line B was opened, from Sokolovská to Smíchovské nádraží. On 22 November 1990, Line B was extended to Českomoravská.
There are three main routes to arrive in Prague by air (Václav Havel Airport Prague), by train (Prague Main Train Station) and y bus (Florenc Bus Station)
This international airport is 17km west of the city centre.
Airport Express (AE) Bus Runs between the airport and Prague's main train station at 30-minute intervals. Service starts at 5am and the last bus leaves around 9.30pm. Buy 60Kč tickets from the driver.
This city bus terminates at the closest metro station, Nádraží Veleslavín (Line A). The whole trip to the centre is 32/16Kč per adult/concession. A luggage tickets costs an extra 16Kč.
AAA Radio Taxi (www.aaataxi.cz) Prague's most reliable taxi service. A ride to náměstí Republiky costs about 600Kč.
Nearly all international trains arrive at Prague's main station, Praha hlavní nádraží (Prague Main Train Station; 840 112 113; www.cd.cz; Wilsonova 8, Nové Město; 3.30am-12.30am; Hlavní nádraží), connected to the rest of the city by metro Line C.
Note that some trains arrive at Prague's other large train station, Praha-Holešovice (Nádraží Holešovice; 840 112 113; www.cd.cz; Vrbenského, Holešovice; mNádraží Holešovice), conveniently connected to the Nádraži Holešovice station on metro Line C.
Almost all international buses use Florenc bus station (ÚAN Praha Florenc; 900 144 444; www.florenc.cz; Křižíkova 2110/2b, Karlín; 5am-midnight; W; Florenc), accessible by both the metro's B and C lines.